Assessment of chemo-mechanical impacts of CO2 sequestration on the caprock formation in Farnsworth oil field, Texas


本研究利用Farnsworth Unit(FWU)油田内以13-10A井为中心井的反五点井组数据,评估注入CO2对Morrow B砂岩储层和 Morrow泥岩盖层的地球化学和地质力学影响。本研究还试图评估盖层的完整性和FWU油田的长期CO2封存能力。


在预测期间,采用了1:3的水交替气体(WAG)注入比,20年的基准井底压力约束条件为5500 psi。模拟了注入后1000年的时间,以监测CO2羽流及其对CO2储层和盖层完整性的影响。模拟结果表明,地球化学反应对盖层孔隙度的影响微不足道,因为在1000年的注入后监测结束时,盖层孔隙度下降了约0.0003%。另一方面,最大应力引起的孔隙度变化约为1.4%,导致渗透率变化约为4%。据估计,地层中约3.3%因CO2与盖层相互作用封存。尽管盖层中存在这些岩石物理性质变化和CO2相互作用,但盖层仍保持其弹性属性,并被确定远未失效。


This study evaluates the chemo-mechanical influence of injected CO2 on the Morrow B sandstone reservoir and the upper Morrow shale caprock utilizing data from the inverted 5-spot pattern centered on Well 13-10A within the Farnsworth unit (FWU). This study also seeks to evaluate the integrity of the caprock and the long-term CO2 storage capability of the FWU.

The inverted 5-spot pattern was extracted from the field-scale model and tuned with the available field observed data before the modeling work. Two coupled numerical simulation models were utilized to continue the study. First, a coupled hydro-geochemical model was constructed to simulate the dissolution and precipitation of formation minerals by modeling three intra-aqueous and six mineral reactions. In addition, a coupled hydro-geomechanical model was constructed and employed to study the effects of stress changes on the caprock’s porosity, permeability, and ground displacement. The Mohr–Coulomb circle and failure envelope were used to determine caprock failure. In this work, the CO2-WAG injection is followed by the historical field-observed strategy.

During the forecasting period, a Water Alternating Gas (WAG) injection ratio of 1:3 was utilized with a baseline bottom-hole pressure constraint of 5500 psi for 20 years. A post-injection period of 1000 years was simulated to monitor the CO2 plume and its effects on the CO2 storage reservoir and caprock integrity. The simulation results indicated that the impacts of the geochemical reactions on the porosity of the caprock were insignificant as it experienced a decrease of about 0.0003% at the end of the 1000-year post-injection monitoring. On the other hand, the maximum stress-induced porosity change was about a 1.4% increase, resulting in about 4% in permeability change. It was estimated that about 3.3% of the sequestered CO2 in the formation interacted with the caprock. Despite these petrophysical property alterations and CO2 interactions in the caprock, the caprock still maintained its elastic properties and was determined to be far from its failure.

箭头 描述已自动生成

图表, 表面图 描述已自动生成

图形用户界面, 图表 描述已自动生成

表格 描述已自动生成

形状, 箭头 描述已自动生成

图片包含 图示 描述已自动生成